On this day Historic Events

1777 - The Marquis de Lafayette arrived in the American colonies to help in their rebellion against Britain.

1898 - The Yukon Territory entered the confederation of Canada.

1900 - China's Boxer Rebellion targeting foreigners, as well as Chinese Christians, erupted into full-scale violence.

1944 - The first flying bomb was dropped on London by Germany in World War II.
June 13th

1966 - The Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda v. Arizona decision, ruling that criminal suspects had to be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police.

1967 - President Lyndon Johnson appointed U.S. Court of Appeals Judge Thurgood Marshall to fill the seat of a retiring Supreme Court judge, making him the first African-American in the high court.

1971 - The New York Times began publishing the "Pentagon Papers," a secret study of America's involvement in Vietnam.

1983 - After more than a decade in space, Pioneer 10, the world's first outer-planetary probe, left the solar system.
June 14th

1775 - The United States Army was established by the Continental Congress.

1777 - The Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the nation's flag.

1789 - English Captain William Bligh and 18 others, cast adrift from the HMS Bounty seven weeks before, reached Timor, after traveling 4,000 miles in a small, open boat.

1841 - The first Canadian parliament opened.

1846 - U.S. settlers in Sonoma proclaimed the Republic of California.

1940 - German troops entered Paris during World War II.

1951 - The U.S. Census Bureau dedicated the UNIVAC, the world's first commercially produced electronic digital computer.

1954 - President Dwight Eisenhower signed an order adding the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance.

1954 - Americans took part in the first nationwide civil defense test against atomic attack.

1982 - Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the Falkland Islands, ending the Falkland Islands War.

All nations are proud of the flag but at time the rest of the world wonders if the American don’t go over the top with their flag waving.

Here is some information on the Stars and Stripes.


A Presidential Proclamation (1335) was issued in 1916 by Woodrow Wilson declaring June 14 as "Flag Day," but it was not until 1949 that President Harry Truman signed an Act of Congress designating June 14 of each year as National Flag Day. The idea started in 1885 when BJ Cigrand, a schoolteacher, arranged for the pupils in the Fredonia, Wisconsin Public School, District 6, to observe June 14 (the 108th anniversary of the official adoption of "The Stars and Stripes") as "Flag Birthday." In 1983, the world's largest flag was displayed in Washington, D.C. The flag, which measured 411 feet by 210 feet, weighed 7 tons and each star measured 13 feet across.

June 15th

1215 - King John put his seal to Magna Carta at Runnymede, England,

King John of England sealed the Magna Carta (Latin for "Great Charter") - the first charter of English liberties and one of the most important documents in the history of political freedom and human rights. It became a symbol and a battle cry against oppression. It guaranteed the freedom of the church, restricted taxes and fines, and promised justice to all. Four original copies of the 1215 charter survive; two are held at the British Library while the others can be seen in the cathedral archives at Lincoln and Salisbury.

I only live 17 miles away from Lincoln cathedral and have not yet been to see the Magna Carta. But I believe this to be typical of all people; we don’t appear to visit our local historic sites.

1752 - Benjamin Franklin flew the kite with a key tied to its string and proved that lightning contained electricity.

1775 - The Second Continental Congress voted unanimously to appoint George Washington as head of the Continental Army.

1836 - Arkansas became the 25th state.

1844 - Charles Goodyear received a patent for his process to strengthen rubber; it was disputed in court and the decisive victory not reached until 1852.

1846 - Representatives of Great Britain and the United States signed the Oregon Treaty, which established the US-Canadian border.

1864 - Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton signed an order establishing a national military burial ground, which became Arlington National Cemetery.

1956 - Fifteen-year-old John Lennon (b. 9 October 1940) of the music group, The Quarrymen, met 13-year-old Paul McCartney (b. 18 June 1942) and invited him to join the group.

June 16th

1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle in Scotland.

1897 - The US government signed a treaty of annexation with Hawaii.

1903 - Ford Motor Company was incorporated.

1961 - Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West while his troupe was in Paris.

1963 - Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space, aboard Vostok 6.

1977 - Leonid Ilich Brezhnev, first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party since 1964, was elected president of the Supreme Soviet.

2001 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa opened for the first time since 1990 as work to keep it from falling over was completed; it now leans only 4.1 m (13.5 ft) off perpendicular, 44 cm (17 in) less than its previous lean.
June 17th

1579 - During his circumnavigation of the world, English seaman Francis Drake anchored in a harbour just north of present-day San Francisco, California. He called it New Albion and claimed the territory for Queen Elizabeth I.

1775 - The Revolutionary War's Battle of Bunker Hill took place, near Boston. The British won, but it was a moral victory for the Americans who had far fewer casualties.

1928 - Amelia Earhart embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight (from Newfoundland to Wales) -- the first for a woman.

1940 - France asked Germany for terms of surrender in World War II. Pétain announced that France was negotiating an armistice with Germany; General Charles de Gaulle fled from Paris to Britain.

1944 - The republic of Iceland was established.

1972 - President Richard Nixon's eventual downfall began with the arrest of five burglars inside Democratic National Committee headquarters in Washington, D.C.'s Watergate complex. Watergate is the political scandal involving illegal activities on the part of the incumbent Republican administration of President Richard M. Nixon during and after the 1972 presidential election campaign. The first inkling of the scandal was the arrests at Democratic Party Headquarters in the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C., of five men who broke into the headquarters - which eventually led to Nixon's resignation in August 1974. So much did the Watergate scandal affects the national and international consciousness that many scandals since then have been labelled with the suffix "-gate."

1994 - After a dramatic flight from justice witnessed by millions on live television, former football star and actor O.J. Simpson surrendered to Los Angeles police. The police charged him with the June 12 double-murder of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald L. Goldman. Simpson was later acquitted in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil trial.
June 19th

1862 - President Abraham Lincoln outlined his Emancipation Proclamation.

1867 - Emperor Maximilian was executed in Mexico.

1885 - The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City aboard the French ship Isere.

1910 - Father's Day was celebrated for the first time, in Spokane, Washington.

1917 - The British royal family adopted the name of Windsor to replace Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. King George V made the name change to disassociate the royal family from its German origins.

1947 - Representatives of 22 European nations met at the invitation of the British and French foreign ministers to participate in the design of the Marshall Plan for rebuilding war-torn Europe.

1953 - Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, were executed at Sing Sing Prison in New York.

1987 - The Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to teach creationism science as well.

1996 - A vast freshwater lake 2.5 mile under the ice of Antarctica was discovered. The lake covers 5,000 sq miles and is kept from freezing by the friction of the ice and by heat radiating from the earth's core.

June 20th

840 - Vikings sailed up the Seine in France as far as Rouen, for the first time.

1756 - In India, over 140 British subjects were imprisoned in a cell called "the Black Hole of Calcutta" only 23 survived.

1782 - Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States.

1837 - Victoria ascended the British throne following the death of her uncle, King William IV.

1863 - West Virginia became the 35th state in the USA.

1898 - During the Spanish-American War, the USS Charleston captured the Spanish-ruled island of Guam.

1900 - Chinese nationalists launch the so-called Boxer Rebellion in Peking.

1948 - The variety series "Toast of the Town," hosted by Ed Sullivan, debuted on TV; it became "The Ed Sullivan Show" in 1955.

1963 - The United States and the Soviet Union agreed to establish a hot line between Washington and Moscow.

1967 - Boxer Muhammad Ali was convicted of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. The conviction was later overturned by the Supreme Court.

1977 - Crude oil from the USA's largest oil field began flowing through the trans-Alaska pipeline to the port of Valdez, Alaska.

1997 - The US tobacco industry agreed to a massive settlement in exchange for major relief from mounting lawsuits and legal bills.
June 21st

1788 - The Constitution of the United States of America went into effect as New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.

1887 - Britain celebrated the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria.

1945 - Japanese troops surrendered the Pacific Island of Okinawa to the United States after one of the longest and bloodiest battles of World War II.

1982 - A jury in Washington, D.C. found John Hinckley, Jr. innocent by reason of insanity in the shootings of President Ronald Reagan and three other men.

1989 - The Supreme Court ruled that burning the American flag as a form of political protest is protected by the First Amendment.
June 22nd

1611 - After spending a winter trapped by ice in (now named) Hudson Bay, the crew of the Discovery mutinied against its captain, English navigator Henry Hudson, and set him, his teenage son, and seven supporters adrift in a small, open boat. Hudson and the others were never seen again.

1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated a second time.

1868 - Arkansas was re-admitted to the Union.

1910 - German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich announced a cure for syphilis.

1933 - Adolf Hitler banned political parties in Germany other than the Nazis.

1941 - Germany invaded the Soviet Union.

1944 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the GI Bill of Rights, authorizing a broad package of benefits for World War II veterans.

1970 - President Richard Nixon signed a measure lowering the US voting age to 18.

1981 - Mark David Chapman pleaded guilty to killing rock star John Lennon.
June 23rd

1860 - The U.S. Secret Service was created to arrest counterfeiters and protect the president.

1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called a "Type-Writer." It typed capital letters.

1931 - Aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.

1938 - The Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.

1952 - The U.S. Air Force bombed power plants on Yalu River, Korea.

1956 - Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.

1961 - The International Treaty of Scientific Cooperation and Peaceful Use of Antarctica was signed.

June 24th

1314 - The forces of Scotland's King Robert I defeated the English in the Battle of Bannockburn.

1497 - The first recorded sighting of North America by a European took place; explorer John Cabot spotted land in Canada somewhere between Halifax and southern Labrador.

1509 - Henry VIII was crowned king of England.

1664 - The colony of New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, was founded.

1675 - King Philip's War began when a band of Wampanoag warriors raided the Swansee, MA, and massacred the English colonists.

1812 - French Emperor Napoleon ordered his Grande Armée of 500,000 soldiers, the largest European military force ever assembled to that date, into Russia.

1932 - A coup ended Siam's absolute monarchy during the reign of King Prajadhipok of the Chakri dynasty.

1948 - Communist forces cut off all land and water routes between West Germany and West Berlin, prompting the western allies to organize the massive Berlin Airlift.

1964 - The Federal Trade Commission announced that, starting in 1965, cigarette makers must include warning labels about the harmful effects of smoking.

1997 - The U.S. Air Force released a report on the so-called "Roswell Incident," saying the alien bodies witnesses reported seeing in 1947 were probably life-sized dummies.

June 25th

1876 - Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer and his Seventh Cavalry were killed by Sioux Indians in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana.

The Battle of Little Bighorn, known as Custer's Last Stand, was fought at the Little Bighorn River in Montana Territory between federal troops led by Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer and band of combined Indian tribes. Custer and all of his men were killed. The outcome of the battle was so upsetting to Americans that government troops flooded the area, forcing the Indians to surrender. Though history says that Custer was attacked by the Indians, in fact it was the other way round and Colonel Custer ignored orders and divided his troops to attract the Indians only to find thousands of them as apposed to the two or three hundred he expected.


1942 - Major General Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of U.S. forces in Europe in World War II.

1950 - North Korea invaded South Korea, beginning the Korean War.

1951 - The first colour commercial television broadcast took place, on CBS from New York.

1973 - White House Counsel John Dean admitted President Richard Nixon took part in the Watergate cover-up.

1990 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the right of an individual, whose wishes are clearly made, to refuse life-sustaining medical treatment.

1991 - The republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia.

1993 - Kim Campbell was sworn in as Canada's 19th prime minister, becoming the first woman to hold that office.

1997 - After lying dormant for 400 years, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupted on Montserrat.

June 28th

1519 - Charles I of Spain was elected Holy Roman Emperor. He was crowned as Emperor Charles V.

1635 - The French colony of Guadeloupe was established in the Caribbean.

1778 - Molly Pitcher (Mary Hays), wife of an American artilleryman, carried water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth. Hence a water jug became a pitcher

1905 - Sailors on the Russian battleship Potemkin mutinied as unrest spread through the Russian navy.

1914 - Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, Sofia, were assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serb nationalist; it was the event which triggered World War I.

1919 - The Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending World War I.

1950 - North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.

1969 - A police raid of the Stonewall Inn--a gay club located on New York City's Christopher Street--turned violent. This incident is regarded as the spark for the gay liberation movement.

1976 - Women entered the US Air Force Academy for the first time.

2000 - The Supreme Court ruled the Boy Scouts can bar homosexuals from serving as troop leaders.


June 30 is one of the two times (the other being December 31) when the addition or subtraction of a second from our clock time is allowed to coordinate atomic and astronomical time. The determination to adjust is made by the International Earth Rotation Service of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Paris. A leap second is an intercalary, one-second adjustment that keeps broadcast standards for time of day close to mean solar time. Leap seconds are necessary to keep time standards synchronized with civil calendars, the basis of which is astronomical. The announcement to insert a leap second is given whenever the difference between UTC and UT1 approaches one-half second, to keep the difference between UTC and UT1 from exceeding ±0.9 s. After UTC 23:59:59, a positive leap second at 23:59:60 would be counted, before the clock indicates 00:00:00 of the next day. Negative leap seconds are also possible should the Earth's rotation becomes slightly faster; in that case, 23:59:58 would be followed by 00:00:00.

1520 - Montezuma II was murdered as Spanish conquistadors fled the Aztec capital of Tenochtilan during the night.

1572 - Great Britain passed a Poor Law, giving assistance to the poor who were unemployed or vagrant.

1859 - A French acrobat known professionally as Émile Blondin (Jean-François Gravelet) became the first daredevil to walk across Niagara Falls on a tightrope.

1870 - Ada Kepley became the first female law school graduate in the USA.

1908 - One of the most powerful, natural explosions in recorded history occurred, in Central Siberia, devastating 70 miles in diameter.

1934 - Nazi leader Adolf Hitler ordered a purge ("Night of the Long Knives") of his own political party, assassinating hundreds of Nazis whom he believed had the potential to become political enemies in the future.

1971 - Three Soviet cosmonauts who served as the first crew of the world's first space station died when their spacecraft depressurized during re-entry.

Hi folks,
Apologies I posted this date but it doesn’t appear to have come on site. But then I’ve very good at mucking things up.


June 29th

1566 - The Stationers Company was granted a monopoly in Great Britain.

1652 - Massachusetts declared itself an independent commonwealth.

1767 - The British parliament passed the Townshend Revenue Act, levying taxes on America. Colonists bitterly protested the Acts, which were repealed in 1770.

1880 - France annexed Tahiti.

1956 - The U.S.Interstate Highway System was born when President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a bill providing $33.5 billion for highway construction.

1966 - In the Vietnam War, U.S. aircraft bombed the major North Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Haiphong for the first time, destroying oil depots located near them.

1967 - Israel united east and west Jerusalem.

1970 - U.S. troops pulled out of Cambodia.

1974 - With Argentine President Juan Perón on his deathbed, Isabela Martinez de Perón, his wife and vice president, was sworn in as the leader of the South American country.

1995 - The space shuttle Atlantis and the Russian space station Mir docked, forming the largest manmade satellite ever to orbit the Earth.

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