The Ukrainian army published footage of river crossing exercises using German M3 Amphibious Rig amphibious vehicles. The Netherlands is to supply 30 vehicles. The M3 Amphibious Rig entered German service in 1996 and can deploy pontoons while on the move.

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The UK is sending the Terrahawk Paladin platform to Ukraine, an air defence system that can track and destroy drones and protect critical national infrastructure.

Manufactured by UK-based MSI-Defence Systems, the containerized system is mounted on a NATO-standard Demountable Rack Offload and Pickup System (DROPS).

The DROPS module can be deployed on the ground along with a remote control and rapidly be mounted on a military support vehicle or trailer-based system.
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https://www.gov.uk/government/news/...s-counter-offensive-announced-by-grant-shapps
 

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Armenia begins purchasing French weapons. A contract has already been signed for the purchase of three French Ground Master 200 radar stations manufactured by Thales. An agreement of intent was also signed for the purchase of French Mistral MANPADS from MBDA. In addition, France will train the Armenian military to work with air defense. The agreement was signed by the Ministers of Defense of Armenia and France Suren Papikyan and Sebastien Lecornu. Ground Master 200 radar stations were developed in 2008 and are capable of detecting not only conventional air targets but also artillery and mortar shells at a range of up to 250 kilometers and tracking targets at a distance of 100 kilometers. The GM 200 station is serviced by 2 operators. The radars are used in five countries, including Ukraine. The Mistral MANPADS entered service in 1987; the Mistral-2 MANPADS was developed in 2000; it is not reported which version will be purchased. The MANPADS is capable of hitting targets at a range of up to 6,000 meters and an altitude of up to 3,000 meters. Launcher weight 24 kg. There are also stationary versions of Mistral-2 MANPADS.

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The Armenian Army continues to strengthen its units with foreign-made weapons. Armenia reportedly signed a $41 million contract with the Indian company Zen Technologies Ltd to purchase the ZADS anti-drone system. The ZADS complex was developed in 2020 and allows for classification, tracking and passive surveillance of drones. The complex is equipped with a radio frequency drone detector, radar, video cameras and drone suppression equipment. 3D X-band radar detects drones and provides precise target coordinates to jam drone communications. The video cameras of the Zen complex are capable of identifying a drone at a range of up to 3 kilometers. The complex can be equipped with a special drone with a hanging net to capture small-sized enemy drones. The exact characteristics of the ZADS complex are unknown.

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Ukraine will receive German Caracal assault vehicles. The German concern Rheinmetall announced that Ukraine should become the first recipient of Caracal (4x4) vehicles. Under a contract financed by the German government, Ukraine should receive the first five Caracal vehicles by the end of 2023 and a number in 2024. The Caracal air assault vehicle was developed by the German defense company Caracal and was first shown in 2023. The vehicle has a modular design and can be used for transporting troops and cargo, medical evacuation and other purposes. The vehicle can be equipped with machine guns and ATGMs, depending on the mission. The "Caracal" car was created on the Mercedes-Benz G-model 464 series chassis. The power plant is a 6-cylinder Mercedes-Benz diesel engine with a power of 249 hp. which allows the car to reach speeds of up to 130 km/h. The vehicle is able to cross a ford 0.7 meters deep and trenches 0.5 meters deep.

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Armenia received 24 Bastion armored vehicles from France as assistance. It is reported that armored vehicles were previously delivered to Ukraine, but they were abandoned; according to some reports, the armored vehicles remained in Ukraine. Bastion armored vehicles were developed by the French company Acmat in 2010. The armored car was also produced in the USA, including in a medical version. The basic version of the armored personnel carrier is designed to transport a group of 5 people and is equipped with composite armor that protects the crew from 7.62 mm bullets and mine fragments. The armored vehicle can be equipped with 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm machine guns or a 40 mm grenade launcher. The armored vehicle weighs 12 tons and is equipped with a 340 hp engine. and can reach speeds of up to 110 km/h. The Bastion armored vehicle is still in production and is primarily in service with African countries.

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The Armenian Army purchased Indian 155-mm MArG howitzers manufactured by Bharat Forge. The MarG wheeled self-propelled gun was developed by Kalyani Strategic Systems Limited and was first shown in 2021. The MArG self-propelled gun is equipped with a 155 mm gun with a barrel length of 39 calibers and mounted on a 4 = 4 vehicle. The MarG self-propelled gun is equipped with an armored cabin for a crew of five and has a modern fire control system. It is stated that the MArG 155-BR self-propelled gun is capable of conducting long-term fire with a rate of fire of 42 rounds in 60 minutes. In intensive fire mode, the rate of fire of the self-propelled gun is 12 shots in three minutes. The firing range of the self-propelled gun is up to 24 kilometers, the transportable ammunition load is 18 shells. The time to bring the self-propelled gun into combat position is up to 2 minutes. The weight of the MarG self-propelled gun is 18 tons.

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Germany will support Ukraine with another military aid package worth 1.3 billion euros ($1.42 billion) that will include four additional IRIS-T air defence units, Defence Minister Boris Pistorius said in Kyiv on Tuesday.

So far, Berlin has pledged to supply Kyiv with eight IRIS-T systems, three of which have been delivered. Ukraine uses them mainly to guard against Russian missile attacks.

The support package will also comprise 20,000 155mm artillery shells as well as anti-tank mines, Pistorius told reporters, speaking alongside his Ukrainian counterpart Rustem Umerov.

"I am sure this will help you in your fight against the Russian aggression," he said. "This underlines that we stand with Ukraine sustainably and reliably."

The artillery shells come on top of 140,000 155mm rounds Germany has pledged to deliver next year, Pistorius noted.
https://www.reuters.com/world/europ...ackage-ukraine-worth-13-bln-euros-2023-11-21/
 
Air-Defence news:

Diehl Defence:
Air-Defence news:

Diehl Defence:

Diehl Defence has received a purchase order from Latvia for the IRIS-T SLM medium-range air defence system. Diehl Defence will provide a multi-layered air defence system which will integrate existing short-range air defence capabilities and use a sensor mix.

Estonia and Latvia jointly ordered IRIS-T SLM systems from Diehl. The complete order is worth 600 million EUR, which will likely include 4 full fire units (radar, fire control unit and likely 3 launchers each).

This brings the IRIS-T SLM/XLM orders up to 39 fire units, with 12 more likely coming in the future.

Connected to that:

Bulgaria joins the European Air Shield initiative with 11 other countries

A draft memorandum for the joint purchase of ground-based air defence systems within the framework of the ‘European Sky Shield’ initiative was approved by the Bulgarian government on Wednesday, making it the 12th European nation to do so.

When acquiring weapon systems for ground-based air defence, they will be able to be integrated into the architecture of the “NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defense System” and will be part of a single system for missile defence and air defence in Europe.
 
The Ukrainian army began using the rare Soviet BMP-1TS with the Spear combat module. The Ukrainian combat module "Spear" was developed in 2014 and is equipped with a 30-mm automatic cannon, a 7.62 mm PKT machine gun, a 30-mm KBA-117 automatic grenade launcher and two Barrier ATGMs. In the video, the module is not fully assembled. The module's armor provides protection against armor-piercing bullets of 7.62 mm caliber. The BMP-1TS fire control system includes a two-plane stabilizer, a ballistic computer and an automatic target tracking system.

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The first footage of the use of 120-mm M120 Rak self-propelled mortars made in Poland by the Ukrainian army has been published. The M120 Rak mortar has been produced since 2016 and is placed on the chassis of the Polish Rosomak armored personnel carrier; we previously talked about it. Ukraine ordered 24 M120 Rak self-propelled mortars and they are now used by the 44th separate mechanized brigade of the Ukrainian armed forces. The mortar is located in an armored rotating turret. Mortar pointing angles from -3 to +85 degrees. The firing range of a conventional mine is up to 8500 meters, with active-reactive ammunition up to 12000 m. Rate of fire: up to 12 rounds per minute. The transition time from the vehicle from the traveling position to the combat position is no more than 30 seconds. The ammunition capacity of the M120 Rak self-propelled mortar is 46 min, the combat weight of the vehicle is 24 tons.

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The Ukrainian army began construction of defensive lines similar to those previously created by the Russian army. Ukrainian engineering units in the Sumy, Kyiv and Chernigov regions are installing anti-tank structures and digging trenches. In addition, pits for concrete bunkers are being prepared.

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The Ukrainian army has received a new type of long-range kamikaze drone, the AQ 400 Scythe. The production of drones was established by the Ukrainian company Terminal Autonomy, previously known as the startup One Way Aerospace. It is reported that the drone is designed in such a way that it can be produced without the involvement of skilled workers. The drone body is made of plywood, the developers tried to make it as cheap as possible, but some sources report that the price of the AQ 400 Scythe drone is about 15 thousand dollars. Please note that the drone body follows the outline of Storm Shadow cruise missiles. The drone can be launched from a catapult or from a wheeled chassis using the thrust of its own internal combustion engine. The drone's range is up to 750 kilometers with a warhead weighing 32 kilograms; the AQ 400 can lift up to 70 kilograms of payload by reducing the flight range. The cruising speed is about 140 kilometers per hour. The drone's elemental base is partially imported; the company can produce 100 drones per month, with the prospect of expanding production to 500 units.

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Armenia buys Indian Akash air defense systems. Armenia and India have entered into an agreement to purchase Indian Akash air defense systems; the contract is valued at $720 million. The Akash air defense system began to be developed in 1983 by the Defense Research and Development Laboratory; production of the air defense system began in 2008 by Bharat Dynamics Ltd. At the moment, two types of Akash air defense systems are produced in India - a basic one with a destruction range of up to 30 kilometers and an upgraded one with a destruction range of up to 70 km. Which of these two types of air defense systems Armenia ordered is still unknown. The Akash air defense system can be mounted on a T-72 or BMP-3 wheeled or tracked chassis. The Akash air defense system includes: - a launcher with three anti-aircraft missiles, - a multifunctional radar "Rajendra" capable of detecting targets at a range of up to 60 kilometers, as well as a control point. The complex's radar with a phased array antenna allows simultaneous tracking of up to 64 targets and guidance of up to 12 missiles. The air defense system is equipped with missiles with a warhead weighing about 60 kilograms and a flight speed of 1000 m/s. The air defense system can hit targets at altitudes of up to 19 kilometers.

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An unusual hybrid of the German BMW 740i E38 was noticed in Ukrainian army units; these vehicles were produced in Germany from 1994 to 2001 and the Soviet MLRS BM-21 Grad. By crossing both types of equipment, the result can be said to be a luxury class MLRS.

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Ukrainian M1 Abrams tanks have been enhanced with ARAT protection. Ukrainian M1A1SA Abrams tanks, American-made, began to be equipped, presumably, with ARAT (Abrams Reactive Armor Tiles) dynamic protection of the first generation. ARAT dynamic protection was developed in 2004, specifically for the M1A1 and M1A2 Abrams tanks. The BRAT (Bradley Reactive Armor Tiles) dynamic protection system, previously developed for the Bradly infantry fighting vehicle, was taken as the basis. The first generation of ARAT-1 protection consists of modules designated as M19. ERA units are installed on the aprons of the tank hull; there is none in other places. The modules protect the tank from drones, but cannot protect against the Kornet ATGM and other systems.

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A new kamikaze drone equipped with a jet engine was tested in Ukraine. At the moment, the drone developers have not provided any technical information about the drone, including even the drone model is unknown. Visually, no cameras are visible on the drone, apparently the drone is aimed at the target only according to predetermined GPS coordinates.

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The first footage of the work of Ukrainian women military personnel. The process of firing a mortar is not shown, but in the video you can see how women prepare a position for a mortar. The brand of the mortar and details about what kind of unit it is are not reported.

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The Ukrainian army began using British Supacat HMT air defense systems with AIM-132 ASRAAM missiles. These air defense systems were developed in the UK on an urgent basis, based on Supacat HMT (6x6) armored trucks. As air defense, the trucks were equipped with an installation with two AIM-132 aircraft missiles, developed by MBDA in 1998. The air defense system has only two missiles; due to the risk of damaging the missiles, spare missiles were not deployed. The AIM-132 aircraft missile is equipped with an infrared seeker with the ability to track a target before and after launch. It is unknown whether the air defense missile system received the function of additional missile guidance to the target. The missile's flight range during an air launch is presumably up to 50 kilometers, and about 20 kilometers during a ground launch. The missile weighs 88 kg and has a warhead weighing 10 kg. The Supacat HMT air defense system is equipped with an electro-optical detection station extendable on the mast; visually there is no radar on the air defense system. The proposed design is easy to manufacture and low cost, the cost of the AIM-132 missile is about 200,000 pounds sterling

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MAGURA maritime drone units are being created in Ukraine. A unit for managing naval drones has been created in the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. The unit, called Group 13, is reportedly formed from the most experienced maritime drone operators. It is worth noting that air and sea drones are beginning to play an increasingly significant role on the battlefield, and it is time for the armies of the world to create not units, but a separate branch of the military, consisting of drones and operators of various different specializations. There are no details about the Group 13 division; it is known that it uses MAGURA V5 maritime drones from Spetstechnoexport. Drones are reportedly used in operations in large numbers, up to ten at a time.

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