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In a confrontation on 9 December, a sizeable detachment of Chinese troops attempted to breach the razorwired Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Yangtse area of the Tawang sector in India’s northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. The intruders were beaten back with sticks and stones by Indian Army soldiers patrolling the area.

China’s shadow looms large over India, with cross-border threats surging since Xi Jinping came to power in 2013. The 69-year-old leader’s ascendance to a historic third five-year presidential term has daunted India.

New Delhi has been unable to resolve the border impasse since May 2020, when around 50,000 People’s Liberation Army (PLA) troops breached the LAC, clashed with Indian soldiers and overran vast tracts of the eastern sector of the border Union Territory of Ladakh. Xi’s troops also entered the Demchok and Chumar areas of Ladakh while he met Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in India in 2014. It is profoundly offensive for a world leader to see his country under assault while he is hosting the attacker’s leader on a state visit.

India fears China is ‘salami slicing’—scything through Indian territory with the intent of redrawing the LAC. Chinese troops have also opened additional fronts along the border with India’s Himalayan states of Uttarakhand and Sikkim.

The Yangtse clash may have been part of a wider design to unfold in days to come. This face-off was likely set up by senior Chinese commanders, since members of the PLA are extremely regimented and don’t operate without orders.

While the skirmish was brief, soldiers were wounded on both the sides. Twenty Indian soldiers were hurt and at least six of them needed to be airlifted for treatment to Guwahati in the adjoining state of Assam. The number of Chinese troops injured is believed to be higher. This was the first physical combat between the two sides since the deadly clash in the Galwan Valley in eastern Ladakh in June 2020 that took a toll of 20 Indian soldiers.

The Indian government, and the military, have largely withheld information on the alarming developments at the LAC, the Himalayan frontier dividing the nuclear-armed neighbours. Members of the parliamentary opposition and the media were branded ‘anti-national’ when they probed for answers.

Under pressure, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh told parliament on Tuesday that three infantry units of the Indian Army had ‘bravely stopped’ the Chinese army from transgressing the LAC and unilaterally changing its status quo. ‘I want to assure the House that no Indian soldier was killed or severely injured,’ he said. ‘I also assure the House that our Army can defend the country’s territorial integrity and is ready to tackle any transgression.’ He concluded, ‘I firmly believe the House will support the bravery and courage of our armed forces.’

Despite three border agreements—in 1993, 1996 and 2013—on maintaining peace and stability along the LAC, Beijing has consistently disputed the demarcations.

China has historically claimed the entire 83,743 square kilometres of Arunachal Pradesh at the eastern fringe of the LAC. In January 2021, Chinese workers backed by PLA troops crossed into the state to construct a village along its border with Tibet. India’s Ministry of External Affairs viewed China’s strategy of building civilian settlements in disputed frontier areas as part of its attempts to buttress its claims to the region. Beijing rebuffed this criticism, maintaining that the encroachment was ‘beyond reproach’ because it has never recognised Arunachal, which it calls Zangnan, or South Tibet.

The last gunshots were fired in anger on the India–China frontier in 1975 when four Indian paramilitary soldiers were shot dead in an ambush by the PLA at Tulung La in Arunachal Pradesh.

Tawang enshrines the Tawang Monastery, which is sacred to the Tibetans; it was founded by the Merak Lama Lodre Gyatso in 1681 in accordance with the wishes of the fifth Dalai Lama. Tibet controlled Tawang until 1914, when it entered into an agreement with British India that delineated the boundary in this region along what became known as the McMahon Line. While China never recognised the agreement, the Tibetans too regarded their pact with the British as being conditional on Beijing’s acceptance and deemed the McMahon Line ‘invalid’ when the Chinese refused to acquiesce.

People in India have been looking to their leadership to resolve the threat of war. Many are concerned that the government has made no resolute response even as India stands to forfeit a vast area, its soldiers are slain and maimed, and it is being outmanoeuvred by China militarily, diplomatically and politically.

New Delhi’s response will ultimately determine its standing in the global community and in its alliances. its calculated aggression towards India
Indian armed forces are set to acquire a tactical surface-to-surface ballistic missile capable of striking targets up to 500 kilometers (311 miles) away.

The military’s proposal to acquire the conventionally-armed Pralay missile could be approved at a meeting this week, Asia News International revealed, citing sources.

The Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) completed flight tests of the missile in December 2021 following four years of development.
‘Arnala’, the first of 08 x ASW SWC Project, being built by GRSE for Indian Navy was launched on 20 Dec 22 at M/s L&T, Kattupalli, Chennai. She made her first contact with water of Bay of Bengal at 1040 hrs at the Launch Ceremony graced by Smt Rasika Chaube, Financial Adviser (Defence Services), Ministry of Defence. In keeping with the Naval maritime tradition, Smt Rasika Chaube launched the ship to the chanting of invocation from Atharva Veda. The ship has been named Arnala to signify the strategic maritime importance accorded to the island of Arnala (located about 13 Km north of Vasai, Maharashtra) by the great Maratha warrior, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Contract for building eight ASW SWC ships was signed between MoD and Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata on 29 Apr 19. Arnala class of ships will replace the Abhay class ASW Ships of Indian Navy and are designed to undertake anti-submarine operations in coastal waters and Low Intensity Maritime Operations (LIMO) including subsurface surveillance in littoral waters. The 77.6m ASW SWC ships have a displacement of 900 tons with a maximum speed of 25 knots and endurance of 1800 NM.
Any folks here been keeping up with developments of Tejas?
India is in talks with Egypt and Argentina for a possible sale of the indigenous Tejas light combat aircraft (LCA) to their air forces as the country sharpens its focus on getting a toehold in foreign markets and boosting defence exports, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) chairman CB Ananthakrishnan said at the Aero India 2023 air show on Tuesday.

Egypt has projected a requirement for 20 aircraft, while Argentina needs 15 new fighters, he said.

“Egypt has also shown interest in creating a local aerospace ecosystem. We will help facilitate that. Two teams from the Argentine Air Force have visited HAL and flown the LCA,” Ananthakrishnan said. HAL has offered the LCA Mk-1A variant to the two countries.

Inaugurating the biennial air show on Monday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi counted LCA among the locally built weapon systems that have led to a transformation in the defence sector in the past eight to nine years.

HAL, however, may have been edged out by a Korean aircraft maker in a contest to sell new fighter jets to Malaysia, said Ananthakrishnan.
Russia is unable to deliver vital defence supplies it had committed to India's military because of the war in Ukraine, the Indian Air Force (IAF) says.

New Delhi has been worried that Moscow's invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 could affect military supplies from India's largest source of defence equipment. The IAF statement is the first official confirmation of such shortfalls.

The IAF statement was made to a parliamentary committee, which published it on its website on Tuesday. An IAF representative told the panel Russia had planned a "major delivery" this year that will not take place.

A spokesperson for the Russian Embassy in New Delhi said: "We don’t have information which may confirm the stated."

There was no immediate response from Rosoboronexport, which is the Russian government's weapons export arm.

The report does not mention specifics of the delivery.

The biggest ongoing delivery is the S-400 Triumf air defence system units India bought in 2018 for $5.4 billion. Three of these systems have been delivered and two more are awaited.

IAF also depends on Russia for spares for its Su-30MKI and MiG-29 fighter jets, the mainstay of the service branch., March 23 (Reuters,Air Force (IAF) says.
The President of India flew on a Su-30MKI aircraft. Indian President Draupadi Murmu flew a Su-30MKI fighter jet. The aircraft was flown by the commander of the 106th squadron, Naveen Kumar. The flight lasted 30 minutes at an altitude of 2 kilometers, at a speed of about 800 kilometers per hour. The Su-30MKI fighter is a modification of the Su-30MK, about 100 of these aircraft were delivered to India. Now in India, the Su-30MKI fighter from Russian kits is manufactured under license by the Hindustan Aeronautics Corporation. Limited. The Indian Air Force currently has approximately 270 such aircraft, including those supplied by Russia. According to the President of India, it was an exciting experience for her. She expressed pride that the country's defense potential has grown.

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The US government will provide the Bangladesh Armed Forces with more weapons and equipment to help defend its sovereignty, US Ambassador to Dhaka Peter Haas has announced.

Speaking at the Defence Services Command and Staff College last week, the American diplomat said that the South Asian nation will soon take delivery of more state-of-the-art drones and surface ships from Washington.
India tested Poland's Warmate drones. The Indian Special Operations Forces has published a video of testing the Warmate small loitering ammunition, manufactured by the Polish company WB Electronics. Earlier it was reported about the purchase of 100 kamikaze drones of this type by India. Drones of this type are also used by Turkey and Ukraine. Drones Warmate, developed in 2014 and designed for surveillance, tracking and identification of targets, it is also used as a kamikaze drone. The drone has a range of up to 10 km; if the target is not detected, the drone can return to base. The drone can stay in the air for up to 30 minutes and has a speed of up to 150 km/h, rising to a height of up to 500 meters. The maximum take-off weight of the drone is 4 kg, the drone is equipped with warheads with an explosive mass of up to 800 grams.

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The Afghan Taliban showed off restored Soviet tanks. Despite the impressive arsenal of military equipment remaining after the withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan, the Taliban restored and displayed Soviet military equipment. The military equipment is reportedly located at one of the storage bases near Herat. The video shows Soviet tanks T-55, T-62M, armored vehicles BMP-1 and BMP-2, as well as American tracked armored personnel carriers M-113. It is unknown how combat-ready the equipment really is, but outwardly it is in order and can move.

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Pakistan has successfully conducted a training launch of the Ghauri Weapon System, following the recent flight test of the Ababeel Weapon System. The purpose of the launch was to test the operational and technical readiness of the Army Strategic Forces Command. The launch was witnessed by senior officers, scientists, and engineers. This comes after the US imposed sanctions on three Chinese companies for supplying missile-related items to Pakistan. China has been a major supplier of arms and defence equipment to Pakistan.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi flew on the Indian-made Tejas multirole fighter aircraft. The flight took place during his visit to the state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. in Bangalore, which produces a light multi-role fighter. The Tejas fighter was developed in 2001 and is equipped with engines jointly developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd and General Electric USA; Israeli specialists also took part in the development of the aircraft. All airframe elements are manufactured in India. The Indian Air Force is expected to receive a total of 123 aircraft. The rate of their production is stated at 20 aircraft per year. The Tejas aircraft costs $26 million.

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Indian military equipment. In Delhi on Friday 26 January, a military parade was held in honor of India's Republic Day, marking the adoption of the constitution on 26 January 1950 and the acquisition of sovereignty from Britain. The military parade was hosted by Indian President Draupadi Murmu and Prime Minister Narendra Modi, guests from different countries, including French President Emmanuel Macron. For the first time, military women became the main theme of a military parade. For the first time, the parade was opened by 100 women playing Indian national musical instruments. India's military equipment is quite diverse, as defense products are purchased from 85 countries, the main suppliers being Russia, Israel and France. But there was little of her at this parade. The military part of the parade was led by Russian-Indian T-90S Bhishma tanks; the first Indian T-90S tank was assembled on January 7, 2004. Also shown at the parade was the Indian NAMIS missile launcher with the NAG ATGM, created on the basis of the Russian BMP-2, with a firing range of up to 4000 meters. Indian modification of the Russian BMP-2 Sarath. American-made Polaris RZR buggy. Indian Mahindra LSV armored vehicles with Spike ATGM. Indian all-terrain vehicle ATOR N1200 from JSW Group. Indian armored vehicles Kalyani M4. Indian 214-mm Pinaka MLRS with a firing range of the first version up to 40 km; these systems were also purchased by Armenia. Indian Swathi radar stations for detecting artillery positions, produced by Bharat Electronics, with a detection range of mortar, artillery and rocket shots of up to 40 km. Swathi radars were also purchased by Armenia. Indian mobile bridge vehicles DRDO Sarvatra on the Tatra T-815 8x8 chassis, with a range of 15 meters to create one bridge span. Indian electronic warfare system for combating drones. Improved Indian radio frequency monitoring systems. Indian MRSAM/Barak-8 medium-range air defense systems, created jointly with Israel, with a target engagement range of up to 90 km. And also the MRSAM radar used in the MRSAM air defense system.

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