Okinawa May 1945,Rapid-set concrete and timber-infill made good the 'dent' in HMS Formidable's armoured flight deck within hours of the direct hit by a 500lb bomb-wielding kamikaze.

Orphaned Corsairs of VF5 from USS Franklin found a new home on board of USS Yorktown after the devastating attack on Franklin in March 1945.

US Marines pushing a 37mm gun into position, Garapan, Saipan, Mariana Islands, Jul 2, 1944.
United States Marine Corps

On December 31, 1942, USS Essex (CV-9) was commissioned. She was the first of a class of twently-four, the largest carrier class in history. Essex-class carriers served until the 1970s.
Essex received the Presidential Unit Citation and 13 battle stars for World War II service, 4 battle stars and the Navy Unit Commendation for Korean war service.

"Proposed Aircraft Carrier - Scheme CV 9-E"
Preliminary design plan prepared for the General Board as part of the process leading to the Essex class (CV-9) aircraft carrier design. This plan, dated 6 December 1939, is for a ship of 24,250 tons standard displacement, 150,000 horsepower geared turbine machinery for a speed of 34 knots, and a waterline length of 820'. Partial inboard profile plans and data are also provided for Schemes CV-9C (23,900 tons, 120,000 horsepower turbo-electric machinery for a speed of 33 knots) and CV-9D (23,300 tons, 120,000 horsepower geared turbine machinery for a speed of 33 knots). Waterline length of both was the same as in Scheme CV-9E. Scale of the original drawings is 1/32 = 1'. The original plan is in the 1939-1944 Spring Styles Book held by the Naval History and Heritage Command. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.
Catalog #: S-511-8
Launching, 31 July 1942, at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. The ship's sponsor, Mrs. Artemus Gates, is about to christen the Essex.
Naval History and Heritage Command catalog # NH 54101

USS Essex (CV-9) launching, 31 July 1942, at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. Essex is christened by Mrs. Artemus Gates.
Naval History and Heritage Command Catalog # NH 54102

Launching CV-9, 31 July 1942, at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company.
Naval History and Heritage Command catalog # NH 54103

Essex on the James River immediately after her launching. View of the starboard bow, 1942.
Naval History and Heritage Command catalog # NH 67736

USS Essex (CV-9) flight deck, looking aft from the carrier's island during her shakedown cruise, 20 March 1943. Planes parked on deck are F6F-3 fighters (in foreground, with wings folded) and SBD-4 scout bombers. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.
Catalog # 80-G-K-698

CV-9 silhouetted against the sun, while operating in the South Pacific, circa late 1943. She has SBD aircraft parked aft. Photographed by Lieutenant Charles Kerlee, USNR. Note: Tall lattice SC-2 radar antenna mast (alongside the starboard side of the stack) IDs this ship as Essex.
National Archives catalog # 80-G-K-15556

Rabaul Carrier Strike, 11 November 1943. A Japanese bomber explodes on the water just astern of USS Essex (CV-9), after being shot down by anti-aircraft fire. USS Independence (CVL-22) is in the right background.
National Archives catalog # 80-G-206615

Truk raids, 17-18 February 1944: a VF-9 Grumman F6F-3 is given the go-ahead for takeoff from USS Essex (CV-9) on the first day of operations.
National Archives catalog #: 80-G-217587

Carrier raid on Truk, 17-18 February 1944.
Japanese shipping under air attack in Truk Lagoon, 17 February 1944. Dublon Island is at left, with Moen Island in the background. Four of these ships appear to have been hit by this time.
Catalog #: 80-G-215151
Copyright Owner: National Archives

Battle of the Sibuyan Sea, 24 October 1944: Japanese battleship Musashi is hit during attacks by Task Force 38 aircraft in the Sibuyan Sea. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.
Catalog #: 80-G-281766

Battle of Leyte Gulf: Japanese aircraft carrier Zuiho under attack during the Battle off Cape Engano, 25 October 1944. Photographed from a USS Essex TBM.
NHHS Catalog #: 80-G-47162

Japanese cruiser Nachi under air attack from task group 38.3, in Manila Bay, 5 November 1944. Photographed by a plane from USS Essex (CV-9). Nachi was sunk in this attack.
Catalog # 80-G-287018
Copyright Owner: National Archives


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