Photos US and South Korean Forces

South Korean soldiers of the 1st Infantry Division's engineer detachment plant an M6 anti-tank mine in order to slow the North Korean advance. Aug 1950.
Ensign Jessie L Brown aboard USS Leyte, in 1950. The first African American US Navy Aviator, Ensign Brown served in the Korean War and was tragically killed in a crash near the Chosin Reservoir. An account of his story was told in the book Devotion.

Chaplain Costanzo Antonellis of Brooklyn, NY, holds mass for soldiers of the 3rd battalion, 65th regiment of Puerto Rican troops, using an altar improvised on a Jeep hood for the front-line services. It was the last mass for many of these soldiers, who suffered casualties in the re-taking of Kelly Hill, shortly after the religious observance. September 29, 1952. Credit: Bettmann

Hiroshi "Hershey” Miyamura was awarded the Medal of Honor for his extreme bravery during the Korean War. Joining the U.S. Army in 1945, he served in a Japanese-American unit and trained as a machine gunner. As a corporal in the Korean War, Miyamura used his bayonet in hand-to-hand combat to defend his men from an enemy attack and also used his machine gun to repel the onslaught. "He maintained his magnificent stand despite his painful wounds, continuing to repel the attack until his position was overrun. When last seen he was fighting ferociously against an overwhelming number of enemy soldiers,” according to his Medal of Honor citation. Miyamura was made a prisoner of war and was released in 1953. He lives in New Mexico. National Archives photo.

Air Force Major Dean Hess, commanding officer of a fighter squadron which operates from an advance Fifth Air Force base in Korea, receives the thanks of President Syngman Rhee. The appreciation was for slowing down the North Korean advance. Major Hess is from Marietta, Ohio. 1 August 1950.

Official Department of Defense Photo

Private First Class Robert Gauchat, Indianapolis, Indiana, writes a letter home during a lull in the fighting. Somewhere in Korea. 10 August 1950.

Official Department of Defense Photo

USMC Corsair fighter-bomber of VMF-212 being prepared for a sortie in support of Marine ground forces in the Chosin Reservoir area, December, 1950. Yonpo Airfield will eventually be abandoned during X Corps retrograde movement.

Paratroopers of the 187th Regimental Combat Team in Korea. (Image source: Smithsonian Air and Space Museum)

Members of the Turkish Brigade move into position in December, 1950, shortly after suffering severe casualties attempting to block encirclement of the U.S. 2nd Division at the Chongchon River in North Korea.

Nerve center for the tactical air support of X Corps was the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing's Tactical Air Control Center at Hamhung.

Four men of the Korean Service Corps digging a monsoon drainage ditch. The men are supervised by the men of the 28th Field Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers.

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