Dévastation-class ironclad floating battery Lave
being built in Lorient in 1854.
The Battle of Kinburn, a combined land-naval engagement during the final stage of the Crimean War
, took place on the tip of the Kinburn Peninsula
(on the south shore of the Dnieper–Bug estuary
in what is now Ukraine
) on 17 October 1855. During the battle a combined fleet of vessels from the French Navy
and the British Royal Navy
coastal fortifications after an Anglo-French ground force had besieged them. Three French ironclad batteries
carried out the main attack, which saw the main Russian fortress destroyed in an action that lasted about three hours.
The battle, although it was strategically insignificant and had little effect on the outcome of the war, is notable for the first use of modern ironclad warships
in action. Although frequently hit, the French ships destroyed the Russian forts within three hours, suffering minimal casualties in the process. This battle convinced contemporary navies to abandon wooden warships and to focus on armour plating
; this instigated a naval arms race
between France and Britain that lasted for more than a decade.