Photos Colour and Colourised Photos of WW2 & earlier conflicts

F/O Richard 'George' Arthur Barclay aged 20, RAF 249 Squadron, North Weald. September 1940.

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KIA 17 July 1942
 
Flying Officer Zdzisław Henneberg, Flight Lieutenant John A. Kent "Kentowski" and Flying Officer Marian Pisarek, all from No. 303 Polish Fighter Squadron, standing by Hurricane Mk.I (RF-F, V6684) at RAF Leconfield, 24 October 1940.

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Hennerberg - KIA 12/4/41
Pisarek - KIA 29/4/42
Kent - died 7/10/85

© IWM (CH 1531)
 
Messerschmitt Bf 109E-4 (W.Nr. 5587) flown by Oberfeldwebel Fritz Beeck of 6 Staffel JG 51, which force landed in a stubble field at Solton Meadow, East Langdon in Kent while escorting an attack on Manston, 24 August 1940

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© IWM HU 73432)
 
Supermarine Spitfire Mk Is of No. 610 Squadron based at Biggin Hill, flying in 'vic' formation, 24 July 1940.

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(Serial Numbers removed by censor but possibly N3289 DW-K and R6595 DW-O.)
© IWM CH 740
 
Pilot Officer Albert Gerald 'Zulu' Lewis DFC (aged 22) in his Hawker Hurricane Mk.1 (VY-R) P2923 with 85 Squadron RAF at Castle Camps, RAF Debden's satellite airfield in Cambridgeshire. July 1940.

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Armourers of No. 303 Polish Fighter Squadron re-arming one of the Squadron's Hurricane Mk.Ia (possibly F/O Jan Zumbach's RF-F V6684) for further action at RAF Leconfield. October 1940

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© IWM CH 1538)
 
Junkers 87B-2 'Stuka' S2+LM (Wk/Nr 5600) of 4./StG 77 shot down over St Lawrence on the Isle of Wight during an attack on ships of Convoy CW90 'Peewit' on 8 August 1940.


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Shot down by F/O Peter L Parrott of 145 squadron based at RAF Westhampnett.
Unteroffizier Fritz Pittroff-pilot-POW; Unteroffizier Rudolf Schubert-radio/op-killed

145 Squadron suffered the worst that day, five pilots were killed and their aircraft destroyed.

This Stuka was later taken by 49 Maintenance Unit salvage team aboard the Cowes ferry to the mainland and then on to RAF Faygate in Sussex to be dismantled.

A local Faygate tale, "....... one of the stories was that the a/c were stripped of useful parts and then pushed into 'a hole in the ground'..."

Photo by courtesy of Andy Saunders
 
Pilots of 'B' Flight, Nº 32 Squadron at RAF Hawkinge, Kent. 29 July 1940 (Hawker Hurricane GZ-V P3522)

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l-r: F/O Rupert F Smythe, P/O Peter M Gardner, P/O Keith R Gillman, P/O John E Proctor, F/L Peter M Brothers, F/O Douglas H Grice and F/O Alan F Eckford
 
Hawker Hurricane Mk I (VY-K P3408) flown by Sgt Geoffrey 'Sammy' Allard of No. 85 Squadron RAF, hooked up to an accumulator trolley possibly at Castle Camps during July 1940.

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Geoffrey Allard DFC, DFM & Bar (12 August 1912 – 13 March 1941)
 
Sergeants Eugeniusz Szaposznikow, Stanisław Karubin and Kazimierz Wünsche of No. 303 Polish ("Kościuszko") Fighter Squadron sharing a joke by one of the Squadron's Hurricane Mk.1s (possibly F/O Jan Zumbach's RF-F V6684) at RAF Leconfield, Beverley, North Humberside, UK.
24 October 1940.

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Hawker Hurricane Mk.Is of Nº85 Squadron RAF based at Church Fenton in Yorkshire, climbs above the clouds, led by Squadron Leader Peter Wooldridge Townsend. 5 October 1940


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VY-U (V 6611), VY-G (P 3961), VY-Q, VY-O, VY-X, VY-M, VY-K (P3408) © IWM CH 1503)
 
F/Lt Geoffrey "Sammy" Allard DFM at Castle Camps (RAF Debden's satellite airfield), Cambridgeshire. July 1940

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(He died in a flying accident on 13 March 1941 aged 29)
 
Australian F/Lt Latham Carr Withall, 152 Squadron at RAF Warmwell, July/August 1940.

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He failed to return from combat with e/a south of the Isle of Wight on 12 August 1940 in Spitfire P9456. He had married in January 1940 and his twin sons were born six weeks later on 25 September
 
The legendary Defenders of Westerplatte taken prisoner.
They were supposed to last 12 hours and defended themselves all week!

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82 years ago On September 7, 1939, Westerplatte surrenders after a heroic fight. This fight became a symbol of Polish resistance against German aggression.
First from the left - senior fire chief Leonard Piotrowski.
Photo IPN
 
A line of New Zealand infantry troops awaiting the signal for advance, they are possibly from the 22nd Battalion, 5th NZ Infantry Brigade, 2nd NZ Division exercises at Kabrit, Egypt, 7 September 1941.

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"After the battalion's experience on Crete, in June 1941 it was reconstituted at Garawi, a camp outside Alexandria, where a batch of 365 reinforcements arrived from New Zealand to bring it back up to full strength. After a period of training to ease the new arrivals into the battalion, they moved to Kabrit where the rest of the 5th Brigade began more complex collective training."
(Photo source - Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, NZ)
Photographer M.D. Elias
 
Guard of the 1/10th (Scottish) Battalion, the King's (Liverpool Regiment), 166th Brigade, 55th Division. Bethune, 7 September 1918.

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(note: second from the left ... no fixed bayonet)
(Additional info - "It's a Quarter Guard and the NCO in charge of the guard paraded without his bayonet fixed.")
(Photo source - © IWM Q 9457)
McLellan, David (Second Lieutenant) (Photographer)
Colour by Doug
 
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Flak bursts fill the sky over the Japanese Naval base at Kure, as US Navy carrier planes attack ships and installations there, 18 March 1945.
 
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Operation “Jubilee”, better known as the ‘Dieppe Raid’, August 19, 1942: 79 years ago today.

The first troops landed at 0450hrs and by 1240hrs the guns fell silent. It was a disaster for the Allied soldiers: of the 6,000 men (5,000 Canadians, 1000 British, and 50 US Army Rangers) who took part in the landings, only around 1250 returned to England. The Royal Navy lost about 550 men and the RAF 67 pilots and 120 aircraft. In return, the latter claimed 91 kills and 44 probable, but German records show only 48 Luftwaffe aircraft lost to enemy action plus 24 others damaged. German losses amounted to around 600 men.

Despite being known as the Dieppe Raid, the landings took place not only in Dieppe but also at Puys, Pourville, Berneval, and Vasterival. Near Vasterival, 4. Commando managed to score the only success of the day: the destruction of the Hess Battery and its six 150 mm guns.

In the raid's aftermath, its supporters said that the sacrifice in human lives was not in vain and that the raid allowed for valuable lessons to be drawn and later used in the planning of D-Day, thus contributing to final victory. Its detractors called it murder and accused Churchill of willingly sacrificing Canadian lives just to show Stalin that the opening of a second front in the west was, at the time, impossible. Like all disasters, it is, at present, still a source of heated debate.

In this photo three bloodied and exhausted Canadian soldiers are escorted from the beach by German soldiers. Given the dark triangle on the upper arm of the man in the foreground, for the time being, I believe they were from the South Saskatchewan Regiment, 6th Brigade, which, together with the Cameron Highlanders of Canada, landed at Green Beach, in front of the small hamlet of Pourville. The German soldiers are most probably from the 1st Battalion, 571st Infantry Regiment.
 
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Japanese Navy’s Nakajima J-9Y ‘Kikka’ (Orange Blossom) jet fighter during tests in August 1945 at Kisarazu Naval Air Base.

Although inspired by the German Messerschmitt Me 262, the Japanese Naval Airforce’s Kikka jet fighter/bomber was not a copy of the former, but an original design by Nakajima’s aircraft designers Kazuo Ohno and Kenichi Matsumura.

It was smaller (about 2/3 the size of the Me 262) and it had straight wing assemblies while the Me 262 had swept-back wings. Most probably as a result of Japan’s chronic lack of metal, the Kikka’s control surfaces were fabric-covered in an otherwise-all-metal airplane.

One prototype was built and a second was almost finished when the first flight took place on August 7, 1945. The flight lasted 20 minutes. Eight days later the war ended and with it the Kikka’s project.
 

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